Vaccination provided to13 peacocks and provided medicine to peacock rearing households. Team also conducted mobilisation session with the community regarding the preventing measures so that domestic as well as wild peacocks’ lives could be saved. Dr. Teekam Das, Deputy Director, Poultry District Umerkot, lauded the services of HANDS and shared that “Along with wildlife department , NGOs needed to come forward to save the precious lives of endangered birds.”
129 peacocks have diedin Tharparkar due fatal disease called Newcastle Diseases Virus (NDV) popular as Rani Khait. wild peacocks became susceptible to bacterial and fungal attack, which further suppressed the immunity of the birds that paved the room for viral attack of Newcastle Diseases. The cases of mortality of wild peacocks are not due to any human intervention or laxity on the part of Wild Life Department or for that matter Livestock Department but it is due tostarvation, deficiency of food and safe water due to delayed monsoon which resulted stress and weakness in the wild peacock population.
Newcastle Diseases Virus (NDV) is a contagious and fatal viral disease affecting most species of birds. Clinical signs are extremely variable depending on the strain of virus, species and age of bird, concurrent disease, and pre- existing immunity. Four broad clinical syndromes are recognized by scientists. They are Viscerotropic velogenic, Neurotropic velogenic, Mesogenic, and Lentogenic. NDV is so virulent that many birds die without showing any clinical signs. A death rate of almost 100 percent can occur in unvaccinated poultry flocks. NDV can infect and cause death even in vaccinated poultry. Fortunately NDV has not infected domestic chicken flocks in the United States since the last outbreak was eradicated in 1974. NDV is spread primarily through direct contact between healthy birds and the bodily discharges of infected birds. The disease is transmitted through infected birds’ droppings and secretions from the nose, mouth, and eyes. NDV spreads rapidly among birds kept in confinement, such as commercially raised chickens.